To All The Computers I’ve Loved Before
With apologies to Willie Nelson and Julio Iglesias
I’m a nerd.
This is common knowledge among those who have been in the same zip code as me. You don’t actually have to meet me in person. It’s kind of like radiation. No, it’s not contagious.
Anyway, I was thinking about something my (slightly older) sister and I were discussing a while back regarding our grandmother, Effie Wolfe, and the degree in which technology exploded in her lifetime. Think about the degree that technology emerged from her birth in 1897 until her passing in 1987. It’s hard to imagine what it was like for her and others of her generation to have been born into a world in which technology was just in its infancy to seeing people landing on the moon.
For example, the first electric power transmission line in North America went online on June 3, 1889, with the lines between the generating station at Willamette Falls in Oregon City, Oregon, and Chapman Square in downtown Portland, Oregon — about 13 miles. That’s only 8 years before Effie was born and I doubt tiny Deshler, Ohio was a place where cutting-edge home electricity distribution landed first.
When I was a really small human, I remember she had a phone with no dial. You picked it up and the local Deshler operator answered and placed your call. My sister mentioned remembering a phone with a hand crank on it, but I don’t remember that.
But I DO remember computers. Lots of ‘em starting with this baby:
This is the computer from the Seaview, the fictional submarine featured in both the movie and the absolutely awful TV show “Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea,” and I vividly recall watching this show at Effie’s house. In black and white, ‘natch.
The TV show ran from 1964–1968, and as an impressionable youngster, I was nuts for this show and its vision of advanced technology. Mom said that it gave me bad dreams and I would wake up in the middle of the night turning imaginary knobs and pushing imaginary buttons on the wall, presumably dreaming I was operating the Seaview computer. (Out of curiosity a few months back, I looked it up on Netflix to see what I was so obsessed with back then. Trust me when I say the show does NOT hold up. At. All.)
Another Irwin Allen show that prominently featured a computer was “The Time Tunnel.” Here’s the way it looked on the show:
Something I didn’t know until recently, this was a real computing system, the AN/FSQ-7 Combat Direction Central. (Click the link or the photo below to learn about it.)
This computer would show up in a whole lot of movies and TV shows including a couple more from “Tunnel” producer Irwin Allen:
“Q7 components were used in numerous films TV series and TV series needing futuristic looking computers, despite the fact they were built in the 1950s. Q7 components were used in The Time Tunnel, The Towering Inferno [Featuring O.J. Simpson], Logan’s Run, WarGames and Independence Day amongst many others.”
After all that good stuff, I found myself taking a different track into music. I got a music scholarship to Valley Forge Military Academy in 1971. In 1974, I believe, they offered a one-semester course in Computer Programming with FORTRAN IV. I and my fellow students had to take our deck of punch cards on the commuter train over to Villanova University’s computer center to have our programs run through their IBM 370/168.
I have only vague recollections of running my cards through the reader, waiting for 15-20 minutes for the program to run and then retrieving my printouts from the computer technician through the glass window. Very old school. The computer center looked something like this 370/168 installation:
There was a watered-down version of either BASIC or FORTRAN on the Academy’s very own minicomputer, the Interdata Model 4.
It had a single Teletype as its primary interactive device and a single punch card reader which, as I recall, wasn’t good for much since we could never get the Interdata version of FORTRAN IV to run even though it was supposed to. It was plenty good to teach programming techniques that we could implement in our programs we took to Villanova.
Many years passed before I did any programming of any kind. I had access to the Commodore VIC-20 when I was in SHAPE, Belgium and I wrote a BASIC program to do TV scheduling for the American Forces Network TV station there.
When I got back to the US in 1985, I promptly bought a Commodore 64…
… and just as promptly outgrew it, replacing it with a pre-owned original IBM-PC for which I needed a bank loan for something like $3,000. (Yes, computers were painfully expensive.)
Later on, I upgraded the memory from 384k to a whopping 640k, which at the time was as much as you could stuff into one of these babies. Down the road, I upgraded it again with an extraordinarily large, thought-I’d-never-be-able-to-fill-it-all-up-in-a-zillion-years 10 MB hard drive. That’s megabyte. To me, it was a huge amount of storage space.
In 1985 about 6 months after returning from Belgium, I was assigned to Fort Sill, OK as a student in the Communications/Electronics Staff Officer Course (CESOC). Since I had just become addicted to the newly discovered online world, I could not bear to go without being on CompuServe for the nine weeks of the course. To pass the time, I got this little guy, the Radio Shack TRS-80, Model 100, one of the very first “laptop” computers. It had 8 lines and 40 characters on it’s LCD screen and, most importantly, had it’s very own acoustically coupled modem.
Three years later, for a nine-week school at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, I bought myself the very first Zenith laptop computer. This one came with 640k of memory, I think, and two of the newest type 3 1/2″ floppy disks, which were really no longer floppy at all.
This lasted me for quite awhile until… well, the divorce and the former spousal unit got the IBM and I kept the laptop. Fair enough.
Jon and Andy hung on to that laptop for quite a few years, most of which were spent gathering dust.
In 1987, I started working for the newly-formed Information Center at Fort Richardson, Alaska. ‘Twas there that I met and worked for the brilliant and talented Raymond Brady, a long-time mainframe programmer and Department of the Army Civilian. Raymond trained me on the IBM 4361 mainframe computer that was the central hub of the Command Wide Area Network encompassing Forts Richardson, Wainwright and Greely.
I recall that Fort Richardson received a cutting-edge Direct Access Storage Device (DASD). Think of it as a mainframe hard drive. Raymond was crazy impressed that it was a half gigabyte system. Let’s face it — we were ALL impressed with this thought-we’d-never-be-able-to-fill-it-all-up-in-a-zillion-years DASD.
Raymond taught me about the 3270 terminal, SNA network protocol, and the IBM Operating System, VM/SP. And I got to be a pretty good beginner REXX programmer.
About the time Raymond and I started working together in the Information Center, the Army negotiated a huge contract to buy desktop PC’s from Zenith. These Z-248’s flooded very quickly onto desks around Alaska and throughout the Army, armed with an integrated software suite called Enable. Since I was one of the few people around who actually had personal computers at home, I became the designated PC guy.
I spent a lot of time teaching basic and advanced courses in MS-DOS to the new PC users at all three posts in Alaska. My close friend, Chief Warrant Officer Don Foley, loved Enable so much, he wound up teaching Enable classes even though he was assigned elsewhere.
I can’t tell you how many of these machines I installed and repaired in the roughly two years I was in the Information Center, but it must have been well over a hundred if not more. I got to know the Z-248 quite well.
I would be remiss were I to fail to acknowledge fellow VFMA alumnus Ben Sherburne. Long after graduation, Ben and I unexpectedly ran into each other in the headquarters building barber shop at Fort Richardson. We wound up working together with Raymond in the Information center until 1990.
During my time serving in the Fort Richardson Information Center, I also administered a few of what were then called minicomputers. The first was an Intel 386 minicomputer. At it’s heart was an Intel 80386 processor that ran SCO Xenix, which like Unix before it, was a multiuser operating system. Each of the two boxes supported 12 users. Both boxes were connected to the aforementioned IBM 4361 mainframe through an IBM Systems Network Architecture (SNA) network, a terminal-based protocol.
One other computer dinosaur was Digital Equipment Company‘s MicroVAX Unix computer. It was installed for the purpose of helping the Fort Richardson Director of Logistics manage some sorts of transportation-related missions. I wasn’t aware of the application side of things, but I did do some system administration on that machine.
In 1990, I got out of the Army for the first time. The Zenith laptop continued to serve me well. Then I started collecting computer parts. People would just give me their old computers that they replaced. I sustained my computer habit over the years by rescuing the parts and pieces from these hand-me-downs and building systems that did what I needed ’em to do. They weren’t cutting edge, but they got the job done.
Not too long after that, PC’s pretty much became a commodity. The brand you bought really didn’t matter all that much as it had in the early days of PC deployment. In 2008, I bought my first Mac Laptop and it’s still working just fine even as I sit at the kitchen table and type this:
Of course, even the tiny cell phone with which I snapped the photo of my nine-year-old MacBook Pro has enormous power when compared with the Interdata Model 4, the first real computer I got to use. From 64 kilobytes of ferrite core memory, to 64 gigabytes of solid state storage on my Samsung Galaxy S8 smart phone, it’s easy to see how drastically things have changed.
Just since I started in the computer business in 1974-ish with punch cards and core memory, to having access to nearly the entirety of human knowledge in my pocket is genuinely astounding when I stop to think about it.
I doubt Effie ever laid hands on a computer keyboard before her passing in 1987. With new devices and new technology popping up almost daily, I wonder just how far beyond the S8 and Alexa-powered smart homes we’ll be in 20 years.
Thank you for the kind mention. My first experience was with an IMSAI 8080 which was programmed by toggling switches, first with area of memory and then instruction.
We built the Altair 8800 as a one month college course. The Altair and the Imsai were very similar if not electronically identical.
Ben Sherburne. You’re in here.
Ben Sherburne. You’re in here.
Love Grandma’s picture!
That’s a good photo. Just wish I knew what year it was taken.
and now they sell watches that can outperform it..lol
I remember from being a lieutenant and Captain seeing some of these odd-looking devices pass through the Army inventory you know as a techno peasant I hated each and every one of them but they have made life somewhat easier we had a Zenith at the division that constantly typed “zzzzz even if you weren’t standing near it
Yes, Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea reached its “you can’t even pretend this is serious sci-fi anymore” moment when Admiral Nelson became a werewolf. But Irwin Allen had cool computers. I sorta think we’re all like your Grandma Effie – the computers to come in the next 90 years will be as if from a different world, unrecognizable to us. And that AI world, well, we’ve all seen the movies.
I agree, sir. After I posted this, I thought about addressing the AI thing. That’s some of the most interesting things of all.
I also missed the “Lost in Space” robot, B-9. While technically a computer, it fell into a different category for me. But The Robot definitely deserves honorable mention.
The Robot in question:
He and Robby, under the watchful eye of the Mutant on one of my shelves just now.
It was that Computer science class with then Cpt Temperton that started me on my career in IT.
Great Story! I am pleased to share kindly that I hail from the company that designed and sold the Interdata Model 4. It really did work by the way. 🙂
Later systems were used as the compute engine for the space shuttle simulator. The B-52 bomber, Apache helicopter simulator. Was the engine behind first ever ATM systems later implemented by Citibank. For a long time or FORTRAN compiler was the fastest. The company turned toward real-time applications and built the first 32-bit mini computer known as the 8/32.
The company went a long way and only closed a year ago as Concurrent Computer Corporation. It’s roots we’re on the Jersey Shore, established in eatontown New Jersey in 1967 just outside of what was Fort Monmouth. Our founders and many of our team came out of Fort Monmouth and Bell Labs.
I am the group administrator for a couple of groups of past employees, who like me have a lot of old historic ( not entirely useless ) information in their heads about those old innovative days at Interdata.
Your contact is welcome. Thank you.